Fresh Water Conservation
Water and Sanitation – Sanitation is Vital to Human Health
- are areas covered in water permanently or for long periods.
- can be natural or man made
- can be salt or fresh water areas
- perform important functions useful for the environmental and us all.
- support a variety of plants and animals
- are the most rich and fruitful areas
- are the primary sources of water.
Remember? We live in the “Land of Many Waters”.
The Values of Wetlands in water purification and storage
The specific values of wetlands related to water supply and purification are:
- Receive surface runoff during rainy periods
- Remove and holds nutrients: for example excess nitrogen and phosphorus are retained by wetlands.
- Store and recycle organic wastes: waste materials from garbage dumped in wetlands are broken up and retained by wetlands
- Reduce suspended sediments or particles: water is sometimes full of sediments, wetlands trap theses allowing the water to be free of sediments or clear
- Maintain stream flow during dry periods
- Store water, especially during periods of high rainfall
- Replenish the water in the earth during very dry periods.
Did you know...
Yes, it is!
The excessive amounts of waste, nutrients and sediments cannot always be removed or stored by wetlands. Eventually, in these situations many wetlands are destroyed and thus the many values identified are also hampered.
You may wonder, why the focus on wetlands, especially since the theme is “Water and Sanitation”?
Well just think of it this way – wetlands practice sanitation naturally by purifying the water we use, all we need to do is practice sanitation also.